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Entities that perform therapeutic activity


Therapeutic activity consist in providing health services, promoting health and carrying out didactic or research activities.

Types of therapeutic activity:

  • stationary and 24-hour healthcare services:
    • hospital,
    • other than hospital (care and rehabilitation of patients who do not require hospitalisation and provision of care for patients in terminal condition). Stationary and 24-hour healthcare services other than hospital services are provided in the following institutions: care and therapeutic unit, nursing and care unit, therapeutic rehabilitation unit and hospice.
  • outpatient healthcare services (primary healthcare, outpatient specialist services, etc.).

Therapeutic entities are:

  • entrepreneurs as defined by the Freedom of Economic Activity Act,
  • independent public health care units,
  • budgetary units,
  • research institutes,
  • foundations and associations whose statutory purpose is to perform healthcare tasks and whose Articles of Association allow carrying out therapeutic activity,
  • churches, ecclesiastical legal persons or religious unions (within the scope of their therapeutic activity).

Physicians and nurses may also perform their therapeutic activity in the form of professional practice – individual or in groups.

Detailed information regarding the number and distribution of entities that carry out therapeutic activity in Poland is available on the following website:

Ministry of Health

The Ministry of Health is an office of government administration serving the Minister of Health.

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