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Nurses and midwives

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Nurses and midwives perform their profession with due diligence, in accordance with the principles of medical ethics, by respecting patients’ rights and taking care of their safety, and to the best of their current medical knowledge.

Exercising the profession of a nurse entails the provision of healthcare services, including especially:

1) diagnosing patients’ condition and their health-related needs;

2) identifying patients’ needs related to nursing;

3) planning and providing nursing care of patients;

4) independently providing any preventive, diagnostic, treatment, rehabilitation as well as medical emergency services, in the specified scope;

5) performing medical orders in the diagnostic, treatment and rehabilitation process;

6) deciding on the kind and scope of nursing services;

7) conducting health education and health promotion activities.

Exercising the profession of a nurse further comprises:

1) teaching how to exercise the profession of a nurse or midwife, and taking certain measures aimed at the professional training of nurses and midwives;

2) conducting scientific and research work in the field of nursing;

3) leading and managing nurses or midwives’ teams;

4) being employed in healthcare facilities in administrative positions, which shall entail performing activities related to arranging for, organising or supervising the provision of healthcare services;

5) being employed in the facilities obliged to finance healthcare services from public funds, within the meaning of the Act of 27 August 2004 on Healthcare Services Financed from Public Funds (Journal of Laws of 2008 No. 164, Item 1027, as amended5)), or in the offices administrating such facilities, which shall entail performing various activities related to arranging for, organising or supervising the provision of healthcare services;

6) being employed in public administration units, the activity of which entails healthcare supervision;

7) performing services in official positions in the Inspectorate for Military Health Services, and in other organisational units of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland, which shall entail performing activities related to healthcare and medical care;

8) performing services in official positions in the Central Board of Prison Service, and in other Prison Service units, which shall entail performing activities related to arranging for, organising or supervising the provision of healthcare services by a healthcare facility for freedom-deprived persons;

9) being employed in social assistance homes, stipulated in the provisions on social assistance, within the scope of professional qualifications of nurses, as specified herein;

10) being employed in the nursing positions in nurseries, or in children clubs referred to in the Act of 4 February 2011 on Taking Care of Children Aged up to 3 Years (Journal of Laws No. 45, Item 235, No. 131, Item 764, and No. 171, Item 1016);

11) voluntarily performing a function in the self-government of nurses and midwives, or acting for the benefit of such units;

12) being appointed to voluntarily perform a trade-union function outside the workplace, whenever the choice results in the obligation to perform such a function as a worker, or to perform a function in the board of the trade union, whenever this entails discharge from the obligation to perform the job.

Exercising the profession of a midwife entails the provision of healthcare services, including especially:

1) diagnosing pregnancy, taking care of a woman in the course of physiologic pregnancy, and performing examinations, in the specified scope, necessary to monitor physiologic pregnancy;

2) referring a woman to any examination necessary to promptly identify high-risk pregnancy,

3) supervising physiologic childbirths, and monitoring the foetus with the use of medical appliances;

4) receiving natural childbirths, including with crotch cuts when necessary, and in the case of emergency – also from breech position;

5) taking any suitable measures in the case of emergency until the arrival of a medical doctor, including manual removal of the placenta, and manual examination of the uterus when necessary;

6) taking care of both the mother and the newborn, and monitoring the course of the postnatal period;

7) examining newborn children and taking care of them, as well as taking any suitable measures when necessary, including immediate reanimation;

8) performing medical orders in the diagnostic, treatment and rehabilitation process;

9) independently providing any preventive, diagnostic, treatment and rehabilitation services, in the specified scope;

10) performing the prophylaxis of female-specific diseases and obstetric disorders;

11) identifying any health irregularities, both in the mother and her child, requiring medical referrals;

12) providing nursing and gynaecological care of a woman;

13) conducting health education activities, including:

a) preparation to family life, family planning methods, as well as maternity and paternity protection,

b) preparation to parenthood and comprehensive preparation to childbirth, including consultancy services on the issues of hygiene and nutrition.

Exercising the profession of a midwife further comprises:

1) teaching how to exercise the profession of a nurse or midwife, and taking certain measures aimed at the professional training of nurses and midwives;

2) conducting scientific and research work in the field of midwifery, including especially the care of a woman, a newborn, or a family;

3) leading and managing nurses or midwives’ teams;

4) being employed in healthcare facilities in administrative positions, which shall entail performing activities related to arranging for, organising or supervising the provision of healthcare services;

5) being employed in any facilities obliged to finance healthcare services from public funds, within the meaning of the Act of 27 August 2004 on Healthcare Services Financed from Public Funds, or in the offices administrating such facilities, which shall entail performing various activities related to arranging for, organising or supervising the provision of healthcare services;

6) being employed in public administration units, the activity of which entails healthcare supervision;

7) being employed in social assistance homes, stipulated in the provisions on social assistance, within the scope of professional qualifications of midwives, as specified herein;

8) being employed in the midwifery positions in nurseries, or in children clubs referred to in the Act of 4 February 2011 on Taking Care of Children Aged up to 3 Years;

9) voluntarily performing a function in the self-government of nurses and midwives, or acting for the benefit of such units;

10) being appointed to voluntarily perform a trade-union function outside the workplace, whenever the choice results in the obligation to perform such a function as a worker, or to perform a function in the board of the trade union, whenever this entails discharge from the obligation to perform the job.

Ministry of Health

The Ministry of Health is an office of government administration serving the Minister of Health.

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